Vibrioare bacteria that are responsible for several distinct illnesses. V. cholerae is the cause of epidemic cholera. V. parahaemolyticus and other marine Vibrios may cause gastroenteritis following the consumption of contaminated fish or shellfish, with symptoms including diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, and vomiting. V. vulnificus may cause severe or fatal illness in persons who eat contaminated raw shellfish, depending on the health status of the affected individual. Healthy individuals may experience gastroenteritis within 16 hours of infection, but persons with chronic liver disease may be affected by a syndrome known as primary septicemia, resulting in septic shock and death in about half of all cases.

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